Indian Railways

Indian Railways
Indian Railways

Indian Railways is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world’s largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations.

The Indian Railways carries about 7,500 million passengers annually or more than 20 million passengers daily (more than a half of which are suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. In 2011-2012 Indian Railways earned INR104,278.79 crore (US$19.71 billion) which consists of INR69,675.97 crore (US$13.17 billion) from freight and INR28,645.52 crore (US$5.41 billion) from passengers tickets.

ID Proof mandatory

The Indian Railways has made it mandatory for all passengers travelling in reserved classes to carry an original identification from December 1, 2012. A person travelling without an ID will be considered travelling without ticket and will be fined. The rule is in effect from December 1, 2012.

Valid documents of identity

  • Electoral photo identity card issued by the Election Commission of India
  • PAN card
  • Driving license
  • Photo identity cards issued by Central/State Governments
  • Pension Pay Orders (PPO)
  • Ration Card
  • Senior Citizen Cards
  • BPL Cards
  • ESI Cards
  • CGHS Cards
  • Student Identity Card with photograph issued by recognized schools and colleges
  • Passbook of Nationalised banks with photographs
  • Credit Cards
  • Unique Identification Card (Aadhaar)
  • Photo identity cards with serial number issued by public sector undertakings (PSUs) of state/central governments, District Administrations, Municipal and Panchayat bodies

Child fare rule

From April 2016, children with age between 5 to 12 years will be charged full fare instead of half. This rule applies to only tickets in reserved class and only in case berth/seat is sought. In case where berth/seat is not sought, then the fare shall continue to be half of adult fare. For unreserved tickets, children of that age group shall continue to be half of the adult fare. The exact date of commencement of this provision will be notified separately at a later date by the railways. Children under five years of age shall continue to enjoy free ride (without berth) in trains.


The Indian Railways launched RailRadar, an online application to spot a train’s location on a Google Map. The exact location of over 6500 trains can be located using the RailRadar service on a real-time basis.

Rail Neer

‘Rail Neer’ is the packaged drinking water brand produced by IRCTC.

On 23 November 2012, Indian Railways has increased the price of Rail Neer by 25 percent to Rs. 15 for a litre bottle from Rs. 12. The 500-ml bottle is priced at Rs. 10, up from its previous price of Rs. 8. Along with Rail Neer, the Railways has also allowed the price of other brands of drinking water to be hiked on par with Rail Neer.


On 30 November 2012, Two air-conditioned coaches of Chennai-Delhi GT Express caught fire in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. Over 120 passengers are travelling in the coaches. One passenger died of cardiac arrest.

On 7 December 2015, 13 people were killed when a Howrah-Bhopal train hit a vehicle at an unmanned crossing at Ramgarh district, near Bhurkunda railway station in Jharkhand. The accident took place at 9:30 pm when a family was returning from Raharappa temple in Bolero car. The car's tyre got trapped in the railway tracks. The onboard people tried to get down by the train dragged the car for more than 100 metres.

On 8 December 2015, Lokmanya Tilak Express collided with an EMU train near Palwal in Haryana.

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